Mémoires de Master 2 soutenus à la Faculté Jean Monnet

Développement agricole durable : la sécurité alimentaire pour le développement
Année universitaire : 2019-20

  • Auteur : Maria Bou Kheir
  • Directeur : Jean-Paul Maréchal

Association Between Eating Behavior and Quarantine/Confinement Stressors During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak 

Accès réservé

  • Résumé :

    Background: Quarantine/confinement is an effective measure to face the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19). Consequently, in response to this stressful situation, people conned to their homes may change their everyday eating behavior. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to evaluate the association between quarantine/confinement stressors and eating behavior during the COVID-19 outbreak. The secondary objective is to evaluate the association of quarantine/ confinement stressors and eating behavior amongst two groups of participants selected from the population: individuals attending diet clinics and individuals who are not attending diet clinics.

    Method: A cross-sectional web-based online survey carried out between April 3 and 18, 2020, enrolled 407 participants from the Lebanese population. Eating Disorder Examination – Questionnaire (EDE-Q) were used to measure the behavioral features of eating disorders.

    Results: More than half of the sample (53.0%) abide to the home quarantine/confinement, 95.4% were living with someone in the quarantine/confinement and 39.6% continued to work from home. Using the lower scores as reference group, higher fear of COVID-19 was found in 182 (44.8%) participants, higher boredom in 200 (49.2%) participants, higher anger in 187 (46.3%) and higher anxiety in 197 (48.5%) participants. A greater fear of COVID-19 (Beta=0.02), higher BMI (Beta=0.05), and physical activity (Beta=1.04) were significantly associated with a higher restraint score. Higher anxiety, higher fear of COVID-19, higher BMI, practicing physical exercise and higher number of adults living in the quarantine/confinement were significantly associated with a higher shape and weight concern.

    Conclusion: Results showed that the fear of COVID-19 was correlated with more restraint eating, weight, and shape concern in the whole sample and more specially in the dietitian clients group. Public health control measures are needed to dene factors of eating disorders during the quarantine/confinement period related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

  • Langue du texte : English
  • Mots-clés : Quarantine, Confinement, Coronavirus disease, COVID-19, Shape concern, Weight concern, Eating behavior and eating disorder
  • Domaine(s) :
    • Développement durable
    • Sécurité alimentaire
  • Nombre de pages : 39